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As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.
  • Images and figures should be in black and white for the print edition, although colour is accepted for our online edition.

CITATION AND STYLE GUIDELINES

The Cyprus Review is an international bi-annual refereed Cyprological journal, which publishes articles on a range of areas in the social sciences including primarily International Relations, Politics, Social Welfare, History, Public Administration, Law, Sociology, Anthropology, and other related fields, pertinent to Cyprus. As such, it aims to provide a forum for discussion on salient issues relating to Cyprus. The journal was first published in 1989 and has since received the support of many scholars internationally. It should be also pointed out that The Cyprus Review is a SCOPUS indexed journal.

 

Instructions to Prospective Authors

Articles should be original and should not be under consideration elsewhere.

Submission Procedure:

Manuscripts should be submitted on the journal’s website www.cyprusreview.org. Should you encounter any difficulties, do not hesitate to contact the Editorial Team of The Cyprus Review at <cy_review@unic.ac.cy>.

Formatting Requirements

  • Articles should range between 8,000-10,000 words.
  • Documents should be submitted in A4 format, 1.5-spaced lines, in a 12-pt typeface, Times New Roman font.
  • Pages should be numbered consecutively.
  • An abstract of no more than 150 words should be included together with a maximum of ten (10) keywords to define the article’s content. The abstract and keywords should be placed at the beginning of the first page just after the article’s title and before the main text.
  • Policy Papers: Policy Papers on subjects relating to Cyprus should range between 4,000 and 7,000 words in length.
  • Book Reviews are normally 2,000 words maximum in length. The reviewer’s name should appear at the end of the review. Guidance notes are available for book reviewers. Headings should appear as follows:

Title

Author

Publisher

(Place, Date), number of pages [pp. ….]

ISBN:

Separate files

  • As manuscripts are sent out anonymously for editorial evaluation, the author’s name should appear on a separate covering page. The author’s full academic address and a short bio of no more than 50 words detailing current affiliation, areas of research interest and publications should also be included in the said cover page.

   Images, Tables, Figures, and Photos

  • The Cyprus Review has adopted a strict BnW/no-more-than-three policy regarding images and/or photos accompanying submitted articles. More than three (3) items can be accepted at the editorial team’s discretion, if (and only if) they are deemed absolutely necessary for the sake of scientific completeness.
  • In any case, the images should be submitted in high resolution and black & white format. The editorial team retains the right to place the images, photos, tables etc. in a separate annex, following the end of the article’s main body. References to such images etc. within the article should be made in a footnote citing the item’s title and the word Annex, e.g. 1 Photo 1 ‘Vision of Cyprus’ Annex.
  • Images, tables, figures, graphs, and photographs should be numbered consecutively with titles, and submitted in separate file(s). A copyright credit should be added, if mandatory, under a permissions agreement.

General Style and Format

  • The Cyprus Reviewuses British spelling, ‘-ise’/‘-our’ endings (e.g. ‘organise’ and ‘organisation’, ‘labour’ and ‘honour’), and strongly supports the Oxford comma.
  • Possessives of words (nouns and proper names) ending in –s (such as Cyprus, politics, Descartes etc.) should be formed by the addition of an apostrophe ( ’ ) at the end of the word, e.g. Cyprus’, politics’, Descartes’.
  • We would ask authors to use the following formula in the headings (full capitals, as in CAPITALS, in headings are to be absolutely avoided).
  • Headings and subheadings should appear as follows:

1. Part One

A. First Subheading

1. Second Subheading

(a) Third subheading

(i) Fourth subheading

  • All nouns, verbs and adjectives on the first three levels should begin with capital letters.
  • The word ‘state’ should begin with a capital ‘S’ when it denotes a polity, e.g. the international community of States; but the state of play.
  • Acronyms should be capitalised in full.
  • Basic legal material (e.g. the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, United Nations Charter) and their short titles or abbreviations should begin with capital letters (TFEU, UN Charter). The same rule applies to the titles of books, chapters, articles cited in the footnotes and in the references section.
  • Sources written in languages other than English (for instance French or German) follow their own rules regarding the use of capital letters. In such cases, it is preferable to follow the rules applicable in the source’s original language.

For instance:

Christopher Staker, ‘Public International Law and the Lex Situs Rule in Proprietary Conflicts and Foreign Expropriations’ (1987) 58(1) British Yearbook of International Law 151.

Antony Anghie, Imperialism, Sovereignty and the Making of International Law (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004).

Maarten Bos, ‘Public International Law and Private International Law: Two Well Distinct Indentities’ (‘Droit international public et droit international privé: deux identités bien distincte’) in Jerzy Makarczyk (ed.), Theory of International Law at the Threshold of the 21st Century: Essays in Honour of Krzysztof Skubiszewski (The Hague/Boston MA: Kluwer Law International 1996) 89 (in French).

Georg Jellinek,, The Legal Nature of State Conventions: A Contribution to the Legal Construction of International Law (Die rechtliche Natur der Staatenverträge: Ein Beitrag zur juristischen Construction des Völkerrechts) (Wien: Hölder 1880) (in German).

  • Use italics for the following:
  • The names of cases and judgments either domestic or international:

Attorney General of the Republic v. Mustafa Ibrahim & Ors

Military and Paramilitary Activities in and Against Nicaragua

Distomo case

  • The titles of published books, e.g. Professor Emilianides’ Constitutional Law in Cyprus
  • The titles of periodicals, journals, and review e.g. British Yearbook of International Law, American Journal of Legal History, The Cyprus Review
  • Short foreign phrases, names or individual words, e.g. Areios Pagos, Cour de Cassation, sui generis.
  • However, Latin abbreviations or words commonly used should not be italicised: cf., e.g., ad hoc, i.e., per se.
  • Words or phrases which the author wishes to emphasise. Emphasis added by the author in a quoted passage should be explained in the corresponding footnote as follows:

‘[…] gender equality in every aspect of economic and social life is a basic obligation for every state which ensures equal treatment for all citizens irrespective of their gender’.1

1 Konstantinos Dimarellis, Christina Ioannou, ‘Equal Treatment of Women and Men in Employment: An Analysis of the Cypriot and the Greek Legal Frameworks’ (2018) 30(1) The Cyprus Review 259, 273 (emphasis added).

  • In a likewise manner, when the author wishes to omit an emphasis in a quoted passage, this should be explained in the corresponding footnote adding (emphasis omitted).
  • Emphasising by use of Bold is to be absolutely avoided. Exceptions may apply strictly for quoted passages where the original text already contains certain emphasised passages in italics and the author wishes to add more emphasis in another part. The corresponding footnote should then contain the explanation: (italic emphasis in the original, bold emphasis added).

Punctuation, Footnote Indicators, Numbers, and Abbreviations

  • Quotations must correspond to the original source in wording, spelling, and punctuation.
  • Any alterations to the original should be noted (e.g. use brackets […] to indicate omitted information).
  • Single quotation marks (‘ ’) are to be used to denote direct quotes and double quotation marks (“ ”) to denote a quote within a quotation.
  • The closing full stop should be outside the closing quotation mark (‘________’.)
  • Footnotes should be placed after the closing quotation mark (‘________’1), unless a specific reference to a term within the quoted passage is made.
  • In general, footnote numbers should be placed after the punctuation marks. Footnote indicators should follow full stops, commas, semi-colons, quotations marks, and brackets or parentheses ( _____.1 ______,1 ______;1 ).
  • Footnotes should be used to provide additional comments and discussion or for reference purposes, and should be numbered consecutively in the text.
  • Acknowledgements, references to grants etc. should appear within the footnotes.
  • Passages of more than three lines should be printed as a separate paragraph, indented, without quotation marks (11-pt, Times New Roman, Indent: Left 2,00 cm, Right 2,00 cm) as in the following template:

As aptly observed:

The mediator is neither a judge nor an arbitrator. As an unbiased intermediary, the mediator listens to potential apologies, explores possible points of settlement and realistic solutions, discusses with each party workable and viable agreements and prioritizes the main points of the dispute and the key issues for each party.1

Consequently, we may suggest that …….

1 Anna Plevri, ‘Mediation in Cyprus: Theory without Practice’ (2018) 30(1) The Cyprus Review 233, 237.

  • Hyphens joining composite words should be short [-] without spaces.
  • Em-dashes [—] should be used as punctuation devices, introducing parenthetic phrases, without a space in either side.
  • It is preferable not to use hyphens, when such a choice is grammatically available (e.g. coordination, transnational, intergenerational etc.).
  • Single parentheses ( ) should be used for all comments, remarks, and explanations either in the main text or in the footnotes.
  • Brackets [ ] should be used in the following cases:
  • For the publication year of reports/reviews lacking a volume number, e.g. Christodoulides v. The Republic [1967] 3 CLR 356; Paul Craig, ‘Theory, “Pure Theory” and Values in Public Law’ [2005] Public Law 440.
  • For modifications and explanatory remarks within quoted passages. For instance:

As the European Court of Human Rights has consistently held, the obligation to protect the right to life under Article 2 of the Convention, read in conjunction with the State’s general duty under Article 1 of the Convention to ‘secure to everyone within [its] jurisdiction the rights and freedoms defined in [the] Convention’.

  • Other parenthetic indicators and quotation marks, such as braces { } or Guillemets « », are to be absolutely avoided, even if preferred in the original language of a given source (e.g. French, Greek, or German).
  • Numbers one to ten should appear in their written form, whilst numbers above ten should appear in Arabic numerals, e.g. one, nine, 11, 20, 100, 10,000).
  • The period sign ( . ) should be used as a decimal separator/radix (e.g. 2.02 cm), while comma ( , ) as a groups of thousand’s separator, e.g. 100,000,000.
  • Dates should follow the day month year format, as in 1 January 2000.
  • Months should not be abbreviated in any case (e.g. February; not ).
  • Decades should be referred to as the 1930s, the 2000s etc.
  • Centuries can be written in numerals, e.g. the 21st
  • Abbreviations should be followed by a full stop, e.g. Doc., Cf., Appl., Suppl.
  • The abbreviated form of the word ‘number’, i.e. No, should not be followed by a period.
  • The word ‘editors’ should be abbreviated as eds (without a period); the word ‘editor’ should be abbreviated as with a period.
  • The word ‘edition’ (i.e. 1st edition, 2nd edition etc.) should be abbreviated as edn (without a fool stop, while the word ‘translator’ as (followed by a full stop).
  • Abbreviations/Latin indicators, such as ‘Op. cit.’ and ‘Loc. cit.’ should be avoided. The use of Latin bibliographic location indicators, such as supra or infra is also discouraged.
  • The Latin abbreviation ‘Ibid.’ (ibidem, the same) may be used where there are two or more consecutive references to a source.
  • The moderate use of the Latin indicator / cf. (compare) is encouraged.
  • When two or more works of the same author are cited, the indicator ‘Id./id.’ can be used instead of repeating the name of the author.
  • Acronyms and law report abbreviations should not be followed by full stops, e.g. UN, EU, NATO, CLR, EWCA Civ, WLR.
  • It is preferable to avoid abbreviating the title of journals, reviews, yearbooks, and other periodicals. Titles should be written in full and italicised accordingly, e.g. Journal of European Legal Studies instead of JELS. However the word ‘and’ can be replaced with the ampersand sign (&), if and if only the ampersand is used in the official name of the respective journal, e.g. The Law & Practice of International Courts and Tribunals, Law & Contemporary Problems, International & Comparative Law Quarterly, Science & Education.
  • The same rules apply to publishing houses and university presses (avoidance of acronyms, use of ampersand when adopted by the publisher), e.g. Harvard University Press, Taylor & Francis.
  • In judgments and secondary sources with more than three parties or authors the abbreviation ‘& Ors’ or ‘et al.’ can be used respectively.
  • When introducing an abbreviation or short title of an entity’s or a source’s name, the abbreviation should be stated after the first mention of the entity or the source.
  • Abbreviations of entities’ names can appear either in the main text or in a footnote.
  • Sources should be abbreviated in the first footnote citing them. Afterwards, the short title or abbreviation can be used in both the main text and the footnotes.

For instance:

The question of jurisdiction in international human rights law can be considered within the context of Article 1 of the European Convention on Human Rights.1

Article 1 of the ECHR ………..

According to the Restatement Fourth on the Foreign Relations Law of the United States5 drafted under the auspices of the American Law Institute (henceforth ALI)….. Executive jurisdiction in ALI’s Restatement Fourth is defined as …..

1 Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (signed 4 November 1950, entered into force 3 September 1953), CETS No. 5, 213 UNTS 221 (henceforth ECHR).

5 ALI, Restatement of the Law (Fourth), on the Foreign Relations Law of the United States (St. Paul MN: American Law Institute Publishers, 2018) (henceforth Restatement Fourth).

  • Avoid forming the possessive of a noun, when it is followed by an abbreviated or short form in parentheses, e.g. the Third Post-Program Monitoring Discussions Staff Report of the International Monetary Fund (henceforth IMF) on Cyprus; not the International Monetary Fund’s (henceforth IMF’s) Third Post-Program Monitoring Discussions Staff Report.

References in Footnotes

  • As a general rule, if a secondary source is authored, edited etc. by more than three scholars [in which case the formula Name, Name & Name is applicable], it is advisable to write just the first name of the author/editor etc., as it appears in the original source, and add et al.
  • If the source’s original language is not English, both the title and possible quotes should be translated into English.
  • When a book, book chapter, or article is written in a language other than English, its original title should be stated in eclipses ( ), following the translated version, using the alphabet (Latin or other) utilised by its original At the end, the name of the language should be indicated within eclipses, i.e. (in ….). For instance:

Christina Ioannou, Demetris P. Sotiropoulos, Achilles K. Emilianides, Cyprus in a New Era: Geostrategic Parameters, Economy, Foreign Policy (Η Κύπρος στη Νέα Εποχή: Γεωστρατηγικές Παράμετροι, Οικονομία, Εξωτερική Πολιτική) (Nicosia: Hippasus, 2014) (in Greek).

Achilles C. Emilianides, ‘State and Church in Cyprus’ (‘Staat und Kirche in Zypern’) in Gerhard Robbers (ed.), Staat und Kirche in der Europaischen Union (State and Church in the European Union) (2nd edn, Baden-Baden: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft, 2005) 231 (in German).

Georges Ténékidès, ‘The International Condition of the Republic of Cyprus’ (‘La condition internationale de la République de Chypre’) (1960) 6 Annuaire Français de Droit International 133 (in French).

  • When a book has more than one edition, the number of the cited edition should be mentioned, before the rest of the publication details. The translator of the book, if existing, should be mentioned before the said details too. If the book has several editions and different publishers (especially older books or classic works), the date of first publication should be mentioned. For instance:

Thomas Hobbes, Leviathan (first published 1651, London: Penguin 1985).

Charles de Visscher, Theory and Reality in Public International Law (Percy Ellwood Corbett tr., 1st edn, Princeton NJ: Princeton University Press, 1957).

Achilles Emilianides, Family and Succession Law in Cyprus (2nd edn, The Hague: Kluwer Law International, 2019).

·         Books

[Author], [Title], [Vol. if from a series] [Volume’s number] [if applicable: Volume’s title] ([edn/tr.], [Place of Publication]: [Publisher, if not applicable omit], [Date]) [exact page if a direct quote or paraphrase].

When the place of publication is in the United States, it is advisable to state both the city and the abbreviated version of the respective State’s name, e.g. Boston MA, Cambridge MA, Chicago IL. The abbreviated version of the State’s name should follow the USPS rules provided here.

Furthermore places of publication which are not major cities may be accompanied by a country indication, e.g. Basingstoke UK or Harmondsworth UK.

Antônio Augusto Cançado Trindade, The Access of Individuals to International Justice (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011).

Jean-Marie Henckaerts, Louise Doswald-Beck, Customary International Humanitarian Law, Vol. 1 Rules (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005).

Polyvios G. Polyviou, The Case of Ibrahim, the Doctrine of Necessity and the Republic of Cyprus (Nicosia, 2015).

·         Edited Books

[Editor (ed./eds)], [Title], [Volume, if from a series] ([edition], [Place of Publication]: [Publisher], [Date]).

Achilles C. Emilianides (ed.), Religious Freedom in the European Union (Leuven: Peeters, 2011).

Emilios Solomou, Hubert Faustman (eds), Colonial Cyprus 1878-1960: Selected Reading (Nicosia: University of Nicosia Press, 2010).

·         Journals and Yearbook Articles

[Author], [‘Article Title’], (date) [Volume number](issue number) [Full Title] [first page of article], [page number if a direct quote or paraphrase].

Christina Ioannou, ‘The Problem of Collective Action: A Critical Examination of Olson’s Solution of “Selective Benefits”’ (2012) 2(3) International Journal of Business & Social Research 151.

Alain Pellet, ‘The British Sovereign Areas’ [2012] Cyprus Yearbook of International Law 57.

Jacques Ballaloud, ‘The Operation of the United Nations in Cyprus’ (‘L’operation des Nations Unies à Chypre’) (1976) 80 Revue Générale de Droit International Public 130, 161 (in French).

·         Chapters in Books

[Author], [‘Chapter Title’] in [Editor (ed./eds)], [Book Title] ([Date]) [first page of chapter in book], [page number if direct quote or paraphrase].

Angelos Syrigos, ‘Cyprus and the EU: Sovereign State, Negotiations and Objections from an International Law Point of View’ in Andreas Theophanous, Nicos Peristianis & Andreas Ioannou (eds), Cyprus and the European Union (Nicosia: Intercollege Press, 1999) 91.

Nikos Skoutaris, ‘Legal Aspects of Membership’ in James Ker-Lindsay, Hubert Faustmann & Fiona Mullen (eds), An Island in Europe: The EU and the Transformation of Cyprus (London: I.B. Tauris, 2011) 42, 60.

·         Unpublished Theses

[Author], [Thesis title] ([Date, if available]) (LLM/PhD Thesis, [Name of the University], [Date]) or

[Author], [Thesis title] ([Date, if available]) (LLM/PhD Thesis, [Name of the University, [Date]), available at [insert full URL] (last accessed day month year).

Javan Herberg, ‘Injunctive Relief for Wrongful Termination of Employment’ (DPhil thesis, University of Oxford, 1989).

·                     Internet Sources

[Author (individual author/s if named, organisation if authors unnamed)], [Title], [date of publication (in parenthesis if year only)], available at [insert full URL] (last accessed day month year), at [page number if a direct quote or paraphrase]).

UN Global Compact, UN Environment Programme, Business and Climate Change Adaptation: Toward Resilient Companies and Communities (2012), available at http://www.unglobalcompact.org/docs/issues_doc/Environment/climate/Business_and

_Climate_Change_Adaptation.pdf .

·                     Blogs

[Author], ‘[Title]’ ([Name of the Blog etc.], [Date of Publication in day month year format or just year if further details are unavailable]), available at [insert full URL] (last accessed day month year)

Sarah Cole, ‘Virtual Friend Fires Employee’ (Naked Law, 1 May 2009), available at www.nakedlaw.com/2009/05/index.html (last accessed 19 November 2019).

·                     News Papers

[Author], ‘[Title]’ [Name of the Paper] ([Place of Publication], [Date of Publication]) [page number]

Jane Croft, ‘Supreme Court Warns on Quality’ Financial Times (London, 1 July 2010) 3.

·                     Cross-references

Cross-references within the same work should be made as follows:

[Author – only surname], [number of the footnote where the work was first cited in the form of (no ….)] [page number]

If two different works of the same author are cited in the same footnote, it is advisable to use a short title.

For instance:

14 Manley O. Hudson, ‘The Proposed International Criminal Court’ (1938) 32 American Journal of International Law 549.

28 Hudson (no 14) 550.

OR

14 Manley O. Hudson, ‘The Proposed International Criminal Court’ (1938) 32 American Journal of International Law 549; id., ‘Membership in the League of Nations’ (1918) 24 American Journal of International Law 436.

  • Hudson, ‘The Proposed …’ (no 14) 550.

….

45 Hudson. ‘Membership …’ (no 14) 438.

References (Bibliography) Section

  • For the references (bibliography) section, the same rules apply, provided that the surname of the authors, editors etc., precedes the name and other particulars. Names of the authors, editors etc. should be initialised. Diphthongs (St, Ch etc.) should be preserved. The total number of an article’s or book chapter’s pages should be mentioned too.

For instance: 

In the footnotes

Lefkios Neophytou, Stavroula Valiandes & Christina Hadjisoteriou, ‘Interculturally Differentiated Instruction Reflections from Cyprus Classrooms’ (2018) 30(1) The Cyprus Review 397.

In the References

Neophytou L., St. Valiandes & Ch. Hadjisoteriou, ‘Interculturally Differentiated Instruction Reflections from Cyprus Classrooms’ (2018) 30(1) The Cyprus Review 397-408.

 

For the citation of legal authorities, The Cyprus Review strongly endorses the use of the OSCOLA Reference Guide (4th edn, 2012), available here.

 

Read the Citation and Style Guidelines of The Cyprus Review in .pdf format here.

The names, particulars, and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.